From infants to adults and even pets, our families are made up of various ages and leg counts. It is important to make sure each family member is healthy, and part of that means staying up to date on immunizations. So, when does everyone need which shot? See below for immunization schedules by age and species.
Babies through Age 18
Within the first year, a new baby receives a lot of shots, many of which are 2nd, 3rd, and 4th doses of a first. Check out this list of all the vaccines a baby gets.
Hepatitis B – There are three rounds of this vaccine. At birth, between 4 and 8 weeks, and 6 to 18 months.
Rotavirus, Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Acellular Pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae type b, and pneumococcal conjugate are all administered at two, four, and six months for a total of three rounds, but Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Acellular Pertussis gets a fourth dose at 18 months and a fifth at four to six years.
These are just some of the shots a new baby will need in a short period of time, and a complete chart can be found here.
Age 19 and Up
Though infants receive a great number of shots, the body still needs some more a little later in life too. Flu shots are recommended annually, for instance, and a Tdap shot, which includes medication for tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis, is recommended every ten years. Human Papillomavirus or HPV shots are suggested for individuals between 19 and 26 years of age while a zoster shot isn’t needed until age 50 or higher.
Adults need not think that their bout with shots ended in childhood. Immunizations remain a necessary piece to the health puzzle for many years after elementary school. For a complete chart, see here.
Like human babies, puppies require a number of shots in their first 16 months of life. Distemper and rabies shots are two of the most common in those first weeks, but, also like humans, the dog’s bout with shots does not end after infancy. Annual DHP and rabies shots are needed throughout the rest of your little pooch’s life. Here is a complete chart for needed dog vaccines.
Cats, like dogs and humans, receive their core vaccinations within the first 16 weeks of being a kitten, and they also get booster shots annually or so for the remainder of their lives. Like dogs, they need rabies and feline distemper shots early on with boosters later. A complete schedule of feline vaccines can be found here.
Every member of the family, no matter how small, is recommended to receive shots on an almost annual basis in each case. Vaccines exist to keep us healthy and being vigilant about immunizations will help in keeping your family in the best health possible.